What causes my computer to freeze and run slow?
It happens to everyone at some point but, believe it or not, your computer freezes every time you’re in the middle of something extremely important – or doesn’t it? You try to hit some keys on the keyboard, wiggle the mouse, but to no avail – the computer becomes unresponsive.
Well, we can assure you it’s not the cold weather that causes your ‘Windows’ computer freezing! but we know you’ve figured that out by now. If you want to learn how to prevent your windows computer from freezing read on for the full lowdown.
Most likely you have already been a victim of your Windows operating system slowing down, freezing, or even corrupting your important presentation or work documents. You surely want to avoid that!
For these reasons you are on our website, trying to find a solution to all of this or to even understand what is going on. It does get annoying to reach that stage, and there are ways to get rid of the related problems even when they appear but the best thing to do is to avoid getting there. To achieve that, you need to maintain your computer correctly and prevent your Windows operating system from freezing.
As a matter of fact, keeping your computer fast and healthy will take quite little of your time. Here’s what you need to do:
Get rid of programs that you don’t use.
Make sure you do this often and do it well. The best way to do it is to run a system file checker on your computer, like jv16 PowerTools, this will free up disk space by completely removing all the files of unused software, along with registry entries that might slow down your computer.
Update Your Software
Making sure your operating system and programs are also important to help mitigate computer freezing on Windows. Software is ever-evolving and without checking for regular updates, there can be mismatches in how programs interact with each other. Windows Update can ensure your operating system has all the latest updates but you will need to check for 3rd party programs and software.
This is especially important to check on when using versions older than Windows 10 (such as Windows 7). If you have programs or software which do not support your current operating system, more likely than not you will end up with problems such as your computer freezing.
Disable Fast Startup
Fast Startup is a feature that reduces boot time while starting up your computer. Even though it doesn’t harm Windows in any way, often it leads to compatibility issues in your PC – and might be the reason of Windows freezing. That’s why it is recommended to turn it off.
To do that:
- Go to Control Panel > Power Options and click ‘Choose what the power button does’ from the left tab.
- Then, uncheck ‘Turn on fast startup (recommended)’ and restart your PC.
Update your drivers
Make sure the computer has no conflicts in Device Manager. You may have a conflict or need to update driver software. Device Manager can be accessed in several different ways in all versions of Windows, most commonly from the Control Panel.
Device drivers tell the operating system and other computer software how to communicate with a piece of hardware such as a printer or sound card.
For example, a printer driver will take a document you may have in Microsoft Word via Windows, and then tell the printer exactly how to print that information on the page.
If you are experiencing computer freezes while trying to print a document. Open the device manager, click through the devices, and look for any unusual icons or colors. If you then double-click it you can get more information about it or what tasks need to be performed.
Clean Your Computer
Computer components like CPU or GPU release a lot of heat and excessive heat generation slows down a computer – causing a computer to freeze. Cleaning computers’ internal parts regularly will reduce overheating – and enhance their performance. You should, as recommended, use an air compressor or a light brush to clean off dust and also ensure your computer is properly vented. If you don’t have an air compressor, pop along to your local repair shop and I’m sure they’d be happy to help!
Upgrade your hardware
Sometimes, it is not only about the software, instead there might be a hardware problem. If your computer hardware is more than five years old then you might want to do an upgrade or even change it altogether. One major hardware update that is cheap and simple to perform is to upgrade your hard disk to an SSD (Solid State Disk) which will give you a massive performance boost over an old magnetic hard drive.
Computer hardware technology advances fast, so look to see what updates are available every four or five years. Something that was cutting edge and expensive just a few years ago will have generally come down in price considerably and could give you excellent performance benefits. So, keep in check the hardware problem of your computer.
Resetting Bios Settings
Accidentally modifying the BIOS settings of your PC may cause your computer to freeze up. You can end your troubles by resetting the BIOS settings to default.
- Simply restart your computer and access BIOS settings by pressing the right key (F2 for Dell) enough times.
- Once you’re in BIOS, hit F9 to automatically load the Factory Default Settings.
- Highlight the OK and hit Enter to restore BIOS to default.
- Finally, press F10 to save the changes and exit.
Defragment your hard disk
When you defragment, files from the hard drive are arranged together again and it makes it easier for the computer to find them. It’s a long process usually, but you can leave the computer to it overnight in order to wake up to a faster system in the morning. This is only really important if you are using older hard disk drives, as more modern SSDs work in a different way and do not have the same problem
Clean up the registry
The smartest way to do this is with the help of jv16 PowerTools, as cleaning it manually requires a little bit of knowledge. You might not understand a lot about registry cleaning, but trust us, it’s super important and will have a tremendous effect.
Reinstall the operating system
Now, this is kind of an extreme measure, but sometimes it is the only one that brings your old fast computer back. Before doing this though, go ahead and install jv16 PowerTools and you will find that the painful and long process of reinstalling Windows might not be in fact necessary.
Scan your computer with a malware program or antivirus
If your Windows computer is constantly freezing, then it could likely host a malware program, adware or a virus on your operating system. A simple scan with specialized software of your system files will reveal the issue and usually solve it as well.
Test the RAM
A faulty or low RAM chip is often the cause of your computer freezing frequently. When your laptop freezes the next time, press Ctrl + Shift + Esc keys simultaneously to bring up the Task Manager and analyze the performance tab. If your memory usage has hit the maximum, then its time to upgrade the Ram – if possible. For laptops that come with RAM soldered on the motherboard, you might have to buy a new laptop – to improve performance and increase speed.
Don’t multitask so much
Windows freeze most of the time because it is used at its maximum but there’s no reason to do that. Can you really focus if you open 20 tabs in your browser while you have 10 other applications open at the same time? Hardly. You might be more productive when working in only two or three programs and the chances that Windows will freeze or slow down will be greatly diminished.
Check Task Manager
Finally, it may just be a simple program has crashed and not your OS. You should open your task manager by holding down the CTRL + ALT + DELETE and selecting end task for any specific programs (or singular program) that are causing computer freezes.
See? It’s rather easy to make sure that your computer is always performing at its best. All you need to do is give it some attention from time to time or find a few minutes to install a product that will do that for you.
We hope that our guide on how to prevent your windows computer from freezing has been of help!